Dating easy in australia for americans
Dating of Clovis materials has been by association with animal bones and by the use of carbon dating methods. Numerous Paleoindian cultures occupied North America, with some restricted to the Great Plains and Great Lakes of the modern United States of America and Canada, as well as adjacent areas to the west and southwest.
Recent reexaminations of Clovis materials using improved carbon-dating methods produced results of 11,050 and 10,800 radiocarbon years B. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation accounts.
and from there migrating along the Pacific Coast and into the interior.
Linguists, anthropologists and archeologists believe their ancestors comprised a separate migration into North America, later than the first Paleo-Indians.
The culture is identified by the distinctive Clovis point, a flaked flint spear-point with a notched flute, by which it was inserted into a shaft.
They carried out strong resistance to American incursions in the decades after the American Civil War, in a series of "Indian Wars", which were frequent up until the 1890s. forced a series of treaties and land cessions by the tribes, and established reservations for them in many western states. Contemporary Native Americans today have a unique relationship with the United States because they may be members of nations, tribes, or bands of Native Americans who have sovereignty or independence from the government of the United States. citizens were granted citizenship in 1924 by the Congress of the United States.
The coming of the transcontinental railroad increased pressures on the western tribes. Their societies and cultures flourish within a larger population of descendants of immigrants (both voluntary and slave): African, Asian, Middle Eastern, and European peoples. Further information: Settlement of the Americas, Paleo-Indians, and Pre-Columbian era Map showing the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites (Clovis theory).
As United States expansion reached into the American West, settler and miner migrants came into increasing conflict with the Great Plains tribes.
These were complex nomadic cultures based on using horses and traveling seasonally to hunt bison. agents encouraged Native Americans to adopt European-style farming and similar pursuits, but the lands were often too poor to support such uses.